DMAC (Direct Memory Access Controller)

group group_dmac

Configures the DMA Controller block, channels and descriptors.

The functions and other declarations used in this driver are in cy_dmac.h. You can include cy_pdl.h to get access to all functions and declarations in the PDL.

The DMA Controller channel can be used in any project to transfer data without CPU intervention basing on a hardware trigger signal from another component.

The DMA Controller block has a set of registers, a base hardware address, and supports multiple channels. Many API functions for the DMAC driver require a base hardware address and channel number. Ensure that you use the correct hardware address for the DMA Controller block in use.

Features:

  • Multiple channels (device specific).

  • Four priority levels for each channel.

  • Descriptor chaining.

  • Configurable data transfer width/masking: byte, half-word (2-byte), and word (4-byte).

  • Configurable source and destination addresses.

  • Single transfer, 1D, 2D, memory copy and scatter transfer descriptor types are supported.

  • Configurable input/output triggers and interrupts.

Configuration Considerations

To set up a DMAC driver, initialize a descriptor, initialize and enable a channel, and enable the DMAC block.

To set up a descriptor, provide the configuration parameters for the descriptor in the cy_stc_dmac_descriptor_config_t structure. Then call the Cy_DMAC_Descriptor_Init function to initialize the descriptor in SRAM. You can modify the source and destination addresses dynamically by calling Cy_DMAC_Descriptor_SetSrcAddress and Cy_DMAC_Descriptor_SetDstAddress.

To set up a DMAC channel, provide a filled cy_stc_dmac_channel_config_t structure. Call the Cy_DMAC_Channel_Init function, specifying the channel number. Use Cy_DMAC_Channel_Enable to enable the configured DMAC channel.

Call Cy_DMAC_Channel_Enable for each DMAC channel in use.

When configured, another peripheral typically triggers the DMAC channel. The trigger is connected to the DMAC channel using the trigger multiplexer. The trigger multiplexer driver has a software trigger you can use in firmware to trigger the DMAC channel. See the Trigger Multiplexer documentation.

The following is a simplified structure of the DMAC driver API interdependencies in a typical user application: ../../../_images/dmac.png

NOTE: Even if a DMAC channel is enabled, it is not operational until the DMAC block is enabled using function Cy_DMAC_Enable.NOTE: If the DMAC descriptor is configured to generate an interrupt, the interrupt must be enabled using the Cy_DMAC_Channel_SetInterruptMask function for each DMAC channel.

For example:

    
    /* Scenario: Initialize a 1D descriptor */
    #define DATACNT (8UL)
    cy_stc_dmac_descriptor_t descriptor;
    cy_stc_dmac_descriptor_t nextDescriptor;
    uint32_t src[DATACNT];
    uint32_t dst[DATACNT];
    
    cy_stc_dmac_descriptor_config_t descriptor_cfg = 
    {
        .retrigger = CY_DMAC_RETRIG_IM,
        .interruptType = CY_DMAC_DESCR,
        .triggerOutType = CY_DMAC_DESCR,
        .channelState = CY_DMAC_CHANNEL_ENABLED,
        .triggerInType = CY_DMAC_DESCR,
        .dataSize = CY_DMAC_WORD,
        .srcTransferSize = CY_DMAC_TRANSFER_SIZE_WORD,
        .dstTransferSize = CY_DMAC_TRANSFER_SIZE_WORD,
        .descriptorType = CY_DMAC_1D_TRANSFER,
        .srcAddress = &src,
        .dstAddress = &dst,
        .srcXincrement = 1U,
        .dstXincrement = 1U,
        .xCount = DATACNT,
        .srcYincrement = 0U,
        .dstYincrement = 0U,
        .yCount = 1UL,
        .nextDescriptor = &nextDescriptor,
    };
    
    if (CY_DMAC_SUCCESS != Cy_DMAC_Descriptor_Init(&descriptor, &descriptor_cfg))
    {
        /* Insert error handling */
    }
    
    /* Scenario: Setup and enable the DMAC channel 0 */
    cy_stc_dmac_channel_config_t channelConfig;
    channelConfig.enable = false;
    channelConfig.bufferable = false;
    
    if (CY_DMAC_SUCCESS != Cy_DMAC_Channel_Init(DMAC, 0UL, &channelConfig))
    {
        /* Insert error handling */
    }
    
    Cy_DMAC_Channel_SetDescriptor(DMAC, 0UL, &descriptor);
    Cy_DMAC_Channel_SetPriority(DMAC, 0UL, 3UL);
    Cy_DMAC_Channel_Enable(DMAC, 0UL);
    
    Cy_DMAC_Enable(DMAC);
    

More Information.

See the DMAC chapter of the device technical reference manual (TRM).

Changelog

Version

Changes

Reason for Change

1.20

Fixed MISRA 2012 violations.

MISRA 2012 compliance.

1.10.1

Minor documentation updates.

Documentation enhancement.

1.10

The Cy_DMAC_Channel_ClearInterrupt is changed.

Minor defect fixing.

1.0

The initial version.